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Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) was developed in the 1960s by psychiatrist, Aaron Beck. It is a structured, short-term, goal-oriented form of psychotherapy. CBT is based on the notion that thoughts and behaviors influence feelings; therefore, shifting the way one thinks and reacts to situations can subsequently improve one’s emotional demeanor. Cognitive behavioral therapy focuses on specific problems and utilizes a goal-oriented approach. Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) is therapy provided through a computer or a mobile device. The delivery of cognitive behavioral therapy over the internet has developed in tandem with recent technological advancements, as it is fundamentally centered on the integration of information technology and psychological treatment.

The Efficacy Of ICBT

There are different forms of ICBT that use the same strategies as conventional CBT and may involve interaction with a trained therapist or be entirely automated. Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy participation may entail engaging in different types of activities such as watching videos, reading about helpful strategies, doing thought-balancing exercises, engaging in stress-reduction activities, and tracking progress. ICBT has been investigated and has been found to be effective for a range of psychiatric problems and somatic health problems. To better illustrate its efficacy and effectiveness, review the following clinical findings from a variety of sources: 

  • Results from a randomized controlled trial claim internet-delivered trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy is efficacious for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). 
  • A meta-analysis of 14 studies found strong evidence that ICBT for insomnia is effective and lasting.
  • One study exploring internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) found it to be a successful treatment for OCD that “could substantially increase access to CBT for OCD patients.”
  • The results from a cohort study investigating the effectiveness of ICBT for panic disorder indicate that “participants made large improvements from screening and pretreatment assessments to posttreatment, that were sustained at 6-month follow-up.” 
  • A 2020 meta-analysis of ICBT showed “significantly reduced suicidal ideation compared with controls following intervention in all 6 trials” and that “considering their high scalability, ICBT interventions have the potential to reduce suicide mortality.”
  • A study reviewing the effectiveness of ICBT in the treatment of social anxiety disorder observed significant reductions in symptoms of social anxiety after treatment, with sustained improvements at 6-month follow-up. 
  • An expansive review that included data from 37 studies on the use of ICBT for anxiety disorders, concluded that “ICBT was found to be commensurate with face-to-face cognitive behavioral therapy whether delivered individually or in group format.” 

Further Information and Support

For most of us, life can be very stressful, leading us to feel emotionally charged, which can cause anxiety, panic attacks, depression, and getting stuck in a cycle of being burdened with negative thoughts. Navigating through the challenges and emotional turmoil of life can be overwhelming, but you do not have to go through it alone. Engage Treatment is a Joint Commission Accredited professional psychological practice. We specialize in treating children, teens, and young adults struggling with depression and anxiety through community-focused treatment plans that incorporate a carefully selected combination of therapeutic interventions. Our compassionate, multidisciplinary practitioners are devoted to providing the highest quality of care that helps ignite positive change and enables clients to reach optimal health and well-being. Please do not hesitate to reach out for guidance. We are happy to answer questions and provide you with any additional information. Feel free to call us at 805-497-0605 or email us at [email protected]. You are also welcomed to get in touch by filling out our contact form. We look forward to connecting and having the opportunity to discuss how we might best be able to support you.

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